An AVA (American Viticultural Area) is a grape-growing region that is defined by its geographic features which affect the type and style of the wine it produces. Wineries in the area can identify themselves as being in the AVA if their wines are made from a minimum of 85% of grapes grown in the area.
The Shenandoah Valley AVA
The Shenandoah Valley AVA is Frederick, Clarke, Warren, Shenandoah, Page, Rockingham, Augusta, Rockbridge, Botetourt and Amherst counties in Virginia, and Berkeley and Jefferson counties in West Virginia. It is bounded by the Blue Ridge Mountains to the east and the Appalachian and Allegheny Plateaus to the west. It is located within the Ridge and Valley region and is a portion of the Great Appalachian Valley.
The Monticello AVA
The Monticello AVA is in the central Piedmont area. The area is nestled along the eastern slopes of the Blue Ridge Mountains and encompasses the small ridge known as Southwest Mountain. It is historic in that it is home to Thomas Jefferson’s Monticello, where Jefferson spent years trying to grow European grape varieties.
Virginia’s Eastern Shore AVA
Virginia’s Eastern Shore AVA is located on the southern end of the Delmarva Peninsula. The area is defined by the Chesapeake Bay on one side and the ocean on the other. It benefits from breezes from the bay and the sandy soil of the area.
George Washington Birthplace AVA
The Northern Neck George Washington Birthplace AVA includes Westmoreland, King George, Northumberland, Lancaster and Richmond counties. Among its wines: Cabernet Franc, Chardonnay, Vidal Blanc and Chambourcin.
The North Fork of Roanoke AVA
The North Fork of Roanoke AVA is on the eastern slopes of the Allegheny Mountains in Roanoke and Montgomery counties. Its wines include Cabernet Franc, Merlot, Cabernet Sauvignon, Norton and many others.
The Rocky Knob AVA
The Rocky Knob AVA is located in Floyd and Patrick counties on the eastern slopes of the Blue Ridge Mountains. The area is located on the eastern slopes of the Blue Ridge Mountains in southwestern Virginia near the towns of Woolwine and Meadows of Dan and astride the Blue Ridge Parkway. The soil is primarily loam and gravel and is well drained.
The Middleburg AVA
The Middleburg AVA encompasses approximately 200 square miles in Loudoun and Fauquier Counties, and becomes the seventh recognised AVA in Virginia.
The Middleburg AVA is located 50 miles west of Washington, DC and encompasses the Town of Middleburg. The AVA is bounded by the Potomac River to the north and mountains to the east, south and west. The proposed viticultural area covers 121,600 acres and contains 92 hectares of commercial vineyards and 14 wineries.
The effort to establish the Middleburg Virginia AVA was spearheaded by Rachel Martin, Executive Vice President of the Boxwood Winery in Middleburg. The process began shortly after Boxwood Winery was established in 2006.